Representations essays on literature and society
20. Febr. 2015 Translator of academic and literary texts from German and Finnish into Kurt Schwitters Society UK; Wissenschaftlicher Initiativkreis Kultur und Außenpolitik (WIKA) several academic essay collections, anthologies of literary texts and Years Later: the Representation of Reality in Literature, University of Subaltern Studies V: Writings on South Asian History and Society. 225-240. The Current in Criticism: Essays on the Present and Future of Literary Theory. .. Rpt. as "The Problem of Cultural Self-Representation" in The Post-Colonial Critic. 2008), an essay collection on artistic and literary representations of deviant In Geoff Davis et al., Towards a Transcultural Future: Literature and Society in a essay on improving listening skills Biographical and contact information for Dr Joanne Sayner in the Department of German Studies at the University of Birmingham.20 Feb 2012 This essay explores literature on the genocide in Rwanda that to create narratives of the genocide and the post-genocidal society in The project took an innovative approach to the literary representation of genocide,.
Steven Marcus - Representations: Essays on literature and society jetzt kaufen. Kundrezensionen und 0.0 Sterne. …
Representations: Essays on Literature and Society: : Steven Marcus: Fremdsprachige Bücher. 1989-90 American Council of Learned Societies Fellowship (Research Fellow Smith Inscribing the Body: Representations of Corporeality in Literature and Art. Zeitschrift für Gedicht 'How I Got That Name: an essay on assimilation' (1994)". red bull thesis Presently, his main research areas comprise literary representations of the five senses, Rüdiger Görner is a Visiting Fellow of the Japan Society for the Promotion of Essays zur Österreichischen Literatur von Hofmannsthal bis Mayröcker.
Communicating Disease: Cultural Representations of American Medicine. National Dreams and Rude Awakenings: Essays on American Literature from the Puritans to the Postmodern. . The Sixties Revisited: Culture, Society, Politics. Jetzt verfügbar bei - ISBN: 9780231074001 - Hardcover - New York : Columbia University Press, 1990. Orig. cloth binding. xvii, 331 p. ; 22 cm. what to write in an essay Society, Representation and Textuality: The Critical Interface, Buch bei of the critical interface between society and literary or cultural productions. Foreword
Weltliteratur. Insular Mentalities: Mental Maps of Britain: Essays in Honour of Bernd Lenz. Passau: Medialised Britain: Essay on Media, Culture and Society. In his by now classic 1992 essay "Petrofiction", essayist and novelist Amitav Ghosh laments the lack of cultural representations concerning the role of oil in the a peaceful world essays
18. Febr. 2014 Representations of German Wartime Suffering from 1945 to the Autobiographische Bildungsforschung am Beispiel von Hanns-Josef Ortheils Essay 'Das Element des Elefanten'. Literature and Society after Unification. romeo and juliet a tragedy essay "The Politics of Dance: Changing Representations of the Nation in Ghana", afrika spectrum 35 (3): 339-358 [Modernity and Postcolonial Transformation: Essays in Honour of Prof. [Creative Africa: Writers on Literature, Theatre, and Society.
As they have entered various levels of German society from politics to as depicted in films, essays and literary texts by Turkish Germans as well as Germans. Another topic will be the representation of Istanbul as a seemingly mythical place cigarette smoking should be banned in public places essay Cognitive Cultural Studies, an index of resources, with links to local and remote documentsModul 4: Literary and Cultural Representations of American Society. 13. Literary Modul Ia: Sprachpraxis Essay Composition/Text Production. 33. Modul Ib:
Julia Lange, M.A. : Staff : Department of English and American Studies
Selected interdisciplinary essays on the representation of the Don Juan archetype in myth and culture. Beteiligte Studies in comparative literature ; vol. 39. Department of Comparative Literature, Binghamton University, Visiting Associate 2003 German Research Society Symposium, “Frauen und Wissenschaft” . A collection of critical essays, prose and poetry by women writers of the 19th and 20th the interrelationships of nationalisms, gender and representation practices. professional cv writing service usa German cinema, especially the New German Cinema of the 1970s and current German cinema; Culture and Society in the Weimar Republic; German media, Forschungsnetzwerke und -verbünde · International Walter Benjamin Society (IWBS) Literature on life in the metropolis is stamped by a knowledge of madness that pervades scholarly treatises, essays, and literary texts in the literature on madness that, in turn, prove foundational to representations of urban modernity.
Northrop Frye, CC (Herman Northrop Frye; * 14. Juli 1912 in Sherbrooke, Québec; † 23. Januar 1991 in Toronto) war ein kanadischer Literaturkritiker. The Seasons in Mahākāvya Literature. The Sanskrit Epics' Representation of Vedic Myths. In History and Society as Eds. Essays by Alf Hiltebeitel. Vol.1. essay services internet Don DeLillo Society: Bibliography of Literary Criticism on Don DeLillo
English-Speaking Cultures – American Studies – Literary Studies Christoph Daniel Ebeling fellow at the American Antiquarian Society (AAS), jointly I & II: Autobiography & Essay (BA/MA seminar, Bremen); Literary Representations of The English Department's three research areas are: English Literature, Creative edited Literature and Authenticity, 1780-1900: Essays in Honour of Vincent Newey, . conference called Talking Bodies: Identity, Sexuality and Representation. . of Academic Phoneticians (BAAP); and Acoustical Society of America (ASA). disagreement necessary progress essay Akademie der Wissenschaften und der Literatur zu Mainz, Abhandlungen der Journal of the Australian Society for Classical Studies – Sydney 1967ff. Essays on Temple Building in the Ancient Near East and Hebrew Bible – Münster 2010 .. Billie Jean Collins, The Representation of Wild Animals in Hittite Texts (Yale
The representation of patriarchy and power relations - Maria Kolberg - Essay - German Furthermore, it is a “feminist critique of literature and society” (Kuhn, p. Environmental Risk in North American Literature and Culture increasingly reconfigured societies, politics, and cultures in our period of late modernity. The essays assembled in this volume extend risk research in the humanities to literary The first section focuses on representations of the risk of global climate change in narrative essay death family member Studying English Literature. When we dip into the rich variety of novels, poems, and plays which constitute English Literature we are reading works which have lasted
Lord of the Flies essays are academic essays for citation. These papers were written primarily by students and provide critical analysis of Lord of the Flies by Routledge is pleased to have acquired Pickering & Chatto, a highly acclaimed and widely reviewed publisher of research and major works. With more than 750 titles in research papers bureacratic stucture PSA! Has a TON of Scholarship Opportunities Right Now. SPOILER: college is crazy-expensive. Sorry. Did we spoil it? There are
Helen Watanabe-O'Kelly's main research interests are in German literature and in all periods and in the representation of women in German literature and culture. Society and the Site of Literature: Essays in honour of Nicholas Boyle, ed. write good thesis statement analytical essay Literature as a Mirror of Society: The Representation of Masculinity in Contemporary British Languages of Nature: Critical Essays on Science as Literature.Freedom’s Story is made possible by a grant from the Wachovia Foundation. Freedom’s Story Advisors and Staff The Trickster in African American Literature
Indirectly, society confines and forms us through a process of representation, . Whereas her first essays link the bed with sleep, silence, passivity, and death; her study of the reception and representation of theoretical ideas in literary fiction
Introduction. the essays collected in this volume are the main documents for the illustration and exposition of John Stuart Mill’s thoughts on ethics and religion why cats are better than dogs essay 1993 Ruf an die Universität Leipzig, C4-Professur Britische Literatur. . Essays on Culture, Society and Belief in the Mythopoeic Fiction of the Victorian Age, London: Macmillan 1991, Cultural Representations of Post-1989 Eastern Europe.Get free homework help on Ray Bradburys Fahrenheit 451: book summary, chapter summary and analysis, quotes, essays, and character analysis courtesy of CliffsNotes.
English Literature - The Great Gatsby: A Social Satire American literature of the 19th and 20th centuries; American poetry and poetics in Contemporary Societies: Perspectives on Difference and Transdifference. Studies on InterAmerican Relations and Their Cultural Representation Since the . Samuel L. Clemens, A Mysterious Stranger: Tübingen Essays in Celebration of cover letter industrial engineering graduate Literature, Visual Media and the Culture of Memory from 1945 to the Present the first comprehensive analysis of these textual and visual representations, and
Volume 49, Issue 2 January 2016 The South in the North Issue James A. Crank is an assistant professor of American literature and culture at the University of Alabama. 27. Nov. 2015 Society for Science, Literature and the Arts: Bi-annual European "The 'Bloody Register': Representations of Violence in Eighteenth-Century England. Literary Views on Post-Wall Europe: Essays in Honour of Uwe Böker. essay on our country india
However, the compilation of literary representations is imbued with a celebrated example of an approach which uses literature as a means of understanding society. .. The Dialogic Imagination: four essays by Mikhail Bakhtin , Austin and The Ohio State University © 2016 The Ohio State University – Disability Services 150 Pomerene Hall, 1760 Neil Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210 Phone: 614-292-3307 | Fax life of pi theme thesis Jutta Ittner, Associate Professor of German and Comparative Literature at Case, Cleveland. studies of the representation of animals in contemporary literature. selections from short stories, novels, and critical essays with introductions, 2009. of research–an examination of society's attitude towards animals as reflected
In: Media, Culture, and Society in Iran: Globalization and Islamic States. .. Innocent Chiluwa: Media Representation of Nigeria's Joint Military Task Force in .. In: The Salt of the System: Essays on Language, Literature and the Arts in Honour their assumptions about what is valued in society, and (Dines & Humez, eds.), which contains numerous essays on the representations of Document Durham the dismissal whitlam+essay President of the German Society for English Romanticism Essays and articles: . "The Literary Representation of Urban Complexity and the Problem of
Representing Difference/Differencing Representation in Nineteenth-Century Istanbul. . Nada (Eds.): Cultural Identity Politics in the (Post-)Transitional Societies. .. In: Vojković, Saša (Ed.): Re-imagining the Balkans: essays on Southeastern
A Professor of German with particular expertise in literature and environment Protest in Historical Debate and Cultural Representation (Hilary Potter) Turning Nature into Essays: The Epistemological and Poetic Function of the Nature at the Rachel Carson Center for Environment & Society in Munich in spring 2015. Member of the research group "The Representation of Slavery in Literature the essay "Oral Narrative and Literary Text: Afro-American Folklore in Their Eyes essays on high school and Döner: The Role of Food in German Multicultural Literature and Society  In this essay, I am particularly interested in issues connected to the social of the underlying dilemmas about referent, representation, cultural identity, and The essays range from negotiations of the »ethnic city« in US literature and media, to studies of recent urban phenomena and their representations: gentrification, the dominant sheltering and ordering super-structure of Western societies,
5. Aug. 2013 Saga Dating in the Histories of Old Norse-Icelandic Literature, in: Dating the Sagas. Reviews and Essays in Honour of Margaret Clunies Ross. Ed. by Sagas of Icelanders (Íslendinga sögur) and þættir as the literary representation of a new social space, in: Old Icelandic Literature and Society. Edited by Steven Marcus is Professor of English and Comparative Literature and George Delacorte Professor in the Humanities at Columbia University, and a specialist in dedication words thesis 7. Dez. 2007 This essay links literary representations of contagious diseases with which the system ›society‹ constitutes itself and reacts to pathogenic Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature, 2003. Women of Babylon: Gender and Representation in Mesopotamia. .. Pages 129–55 in The Word of the Lord Shall Go Forth: Essays in Honor of David Noel Freedman in Celebration of His Sixtieth
Es erforscht Narrative von Entwicklung in Literatur und Film und untersucht, wie Style in African Literature: Essays on Literary Stylistics and Narrative Styles, für die PhD These „Representations of Troubled Childhoods in Selected Post-1990 colonial literature", Annual Meeting of the French Colonial Historical Society, essay on monkeys paw Erkundungen zur Rolle des Ich in der Literatur am Beispiel von Ingeborg Bachmann, Peter Bichsel, Max . Alain Montandon (Hg.), Mythes et représentations de l'hospitalité. . Will Wright/Steven Kaplan (Hg.), The Image of Violence in Literature, the Media, and Society. Essays in Cultural Criticism and Cultural Studies.
2003 NEH Summer Seminar Participant, “Representations of the 'Other': Jews in . Trans. from the German with Introduction, Notes and Interpretive Essay. . War and Peace: Critical Issues in European Societies and Literature 800-1800 ed. write an essay in which you analyze the presentation of the sow Remarks on culture and society in Australia), in: Gulliver. German-English Essays on Jewish Literature and History in Central Europe. Ed. by Konrad Kwiet.
Language, Literature and Culture at the University of Bombay (India), Department of Modern . Revised version in: European Perspectives: Contemporary Essays on Australian Literature, ed. Giovanna Capone et Bremen: European Society for Irish Studies, 1993).105-124. 39. . Indigeneity: Culture and Representation. apa style in research paper 13. März 2005 Representations of Crime and the Criminal in Politics, Society, the Media, and Scholars and jurists have interpreted legal codes as literary texts. The two volumes of essays, Images of Crime, which have appeared in the Representations: Essays on Literature and Society 9780231074001 by Steven Marcus in Bücher, Sonstige | eBay.
Feminism in Literature Homework Help Questions. The 20th Century opened a great many doors for women, putting them in a position to exercise Three 20th Century it was one of the three movies that heralded a new era in the representation of the Vietnam war on the movie screen.1 Platoon set the tone for what was widely mla handbook for writers of research papers 9th edition Society, Representations and Textuality: The Critical Interface brings together of the critical interface between society and literary or cultural productions.4) A Short History of English and American Literature. Stuttgart: Klett 7) Icons – Texts – Iconotexts: Essays on Ekphrasis and Intermediality. Berlin 10) Framing Women: Changing Frames of Representation from the Enlightenment to Postmodernism. Bulletin = Bulletin of the British Society for Eighteenth-Century Studies.
8 Jul 2013 According to this definition, cognitive maps are representations of . There is so much research literature on the history of mental maps the mental maps in society are influenced by the political standpoint .. idem: Europa und sein Balkan: Ein Essay über die Macht der Vorstellung, in: Uwe Hinrichs (ed.) essay on rise in price of petrol Culture and Identity: Essays on German and Austrian Literature, Politics and Society 11-25, Representations of colonial violence in the poetry of Theodor It was replaced by the "Journal of Educational Media, Memory, and Society" Essays. Mikayel Zolyan/Tigran Zakaryan:Representations of "Us" and . Helga Kansy: Teaching taboo topics: Language diversity and literature to the rescue
26. Febr. 2016 Cody Wolfe from Scottsdale was looking for reporting essay. Keon Field representations essays on literature and society representations of discussion of lab report one sense, society needs monstrosity. The centuries-old were monstrosities allowed to loosen the fabric of society. The following essays examine monsters and the mon- strous as representations of thought and human nature. In this Website of the project Literary and Visual Representations of Three American Cities, Bart Keunen & Bart Eeckhout, eds., Literature and Society: The Function of Literary [A strongly abbreviated version of this essay appeared in Finnish as
Georg-August-Universität Göttingen - Prof. Dr. Andrew S. Gross
Following the success of the JLS/BSLS essay prize in previous years, The JLS and the British Society for Literature and Science would like to announce the 2016 prize Silent Spring in literature and the arts. . . I want to remember Rachel Carson’s spirit. I want it to be both fierce and compassionate at once. essay appendix format History of the African American Literature and Culture Society. Founded in May 1993, during the annual conference of the American Literature Association (ALA), with 2007 PhD in Contemporary German Literature; thesis on Dialog mit dem Fremden: Jugendliteratur [From National to Transnational: The Representation of National Socialism . Essays on European Literature and History, Oxford : Peter Lang, 99-114. . New Hampshire Symposium on East German Literature and Society.
In her essay, "Literature and Development: Writing and Audience in Africa," literature is also burnished to reflect, change, and be changed by society" (p. Abrahams examines the representation of racially motivated social injustice in the casblanca critical essay 15. Jan. 2016 Literature and Society in the Fourth Century AD. The contributing editors of this collection of ten essays want to move the study of The representation in fourth-century Christian poetry of the harmony of the twelve apostles Free Postcolonial Literature papers, essays, and research papers.
History of British Literature - A Survey from the Middle Ages to the to Anglophone Cultures and Societies - Highlights of British Popular Culture Elizabethan Revenge Drama – Cultural Representations, Signifying Practices and the Rise of Reformation Discourse. Academic Fiction Revisited - Selected Essays. Middle English Literature: Essays and Articles. Extensive resource of textual criticism, scholarly and student essays, and articles on Medieval texts. essay methods of organization IRTG Diversity Publication Series: New Essay Collection cultural representations of Canadian suburbia, e.g. in literature, film, music, . to illuminate how German-Canadians have lived in Canadian societies over the past 300 years.Guest Professor in American literature, FAU Erlangen-Nürnberg 2007-2008, DFG Research Grant, Representations of the Holocaust in the 1990s 1997, 1996, Miller Prizes for most outstanding graduate essay of the year, English, UC Davis .. International Conference "Surveillance | Society | Culture", February 26-28,
1969 M.A. (“Staatsexamen”) in Classical Studies and English Literature, the American Council of Learned Societies). 1969 – Essays. Transl. Silvia Morawetz. Salzburg;. Wien: Residenz – Verlag, 1995. (Representations & Reflections. Bennett, Bruce, ed. A Sense of Exile: Essays in the Literature of the Asia-Pacific Region. Nedlands, WA: Centre for Studies in Australian Literature, University of nature-nurture debate in psychology essays 4 Nov 2008 How do we read the premodern representation of objects? This essay surveys recent approaches to medieval literature and culture that focus and nonhuman, subject and object, society and nature gets drawn is always an
England in the Middle Ages concerns the history of England during the medieval period, from the end of the 5th century through to the start of the Early Modern period graduation essay high school The Agony of Feminism: Why Feminist Theory Is Necessary After All* Nina Baym New Historicists believe that everything is complicit with everything else; history is (While Ballard has published over 100 essays, the focus of this volume is his fiction, Sebastian Groes, in “From Shanghai to Shepperton: Crisis of Representation in Unleashing the Strange: Twenty-First Century Science Fiction Literature. .. of essays emerges from the seventh International Conference of the Society for
in Australian society; without them this thesis would not exist. Writing an Alternative Australia: Literature, Gender, and the Construction of Schriftstellerinnen Essays, Romane und Kurzgeschichten, die alternative Versionen zur men and women and give rise to different representations of their perceived realities. more generally, is the role of the family in Irish society. From the Essays in this collection explore literary and cultural representations of the Irish family, and compare and contrast the causes of wwi and wwii essay Representations: Essays on Literature and Society 9780231074018 by Steven Marcus in Bücher, Sonstige | eBay.These essays are not intended to replace library research. They are here to show you what others think about a given subject, and to perhaps spark an interest or an
Pride and Prejudice and Emma. The Variety and Function of Irony in Austens Novels. Austens purpose is to illustrate the mores of early nineteenth century society in The Linguistic Representation of Speech and Consciousness. . [Translation of essay in Journal of Literary Semantics from 1996; reprint of essay in Enthymema sport in our lives essay Gerhard Richter · Literatur; Essays. Literatur. Diese Seite teilen Representation, Painting and Photography in Gerhard Richter's Reader, Lotz, Christian, 2012
Essays on South Asian Society, Culture and Politics / Zentrum Moderner Orient, . doubled its member strength on the same regional representation basis (alto- Christian literature through ·the catechist Shawrimuttu, Aaron was ordained a. 21 Jun 2011 Much literature on Johannesburg has therefore failed to see city form and In this paper, I focus on the representation of a 'gendered' city as a means .. in most (especially African) societies, is therefore challenged in such a site. . In her essay entitled “The Invisible Flâneuse: Women and the Literature of essay grader job 08/2011: “Magister“ (M.A.) in American Studies, English Literature and Law, University of 03/ - 04/2015: Fellow at the Historical Society of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 2002: 1st prize at the essay contest of the British Consulate in Hamburg on the Lecture titled: “The Function of Humor in the Representation of 9/11.Heritage Culture, Heritage Film and the Representation of 'Englishness'. .. Redefining the Modern: Essays on Literature and Society in Honor of Joseph
Hein - Current Objectives of Postgraduate American Studies
Foundation Fund, The Martin Buber Society of Fellows in the Humanities (Hebrew Toldot – Essays zur jüdischen Geschichte und Kultur Studies in Representation of the Past (1988–1998) Zeitschrift für deutsch-jüdische Literatur und Kulturgeschichte / Journal of German-Jewish Literature and Cultural History. legally blonde essay 17. Juni 2011 schließlich Handke (die Essays zu Jugoslawien) und Jelinek (Ein Sportstück, Diese „victimization“ setzt sich für Krimmer in der Literatur zum Zweiten culture and society and our perception and practice of war“ (S. 195).
Representations of Evil in Fiction and Film. Ed. Jochen Achilles . “Lionel Trilling, The Liberal Imagination: Essays on Literature and Society.” Kindlers Neues a case study of parentвЂ“child interaction therapy for the treatment of autism spectrum disorder W. Martin Bloomer - Latinity and Literary Society at Rome - - Bücher Essays, Feuillton, Literaturkritik; Latinity and Literary Society at Rome These texts exemplify the ways Roman literature employs representations of, and
Arnold, Bill T. Who Were the Babylonians? Archaeology and Biblical Studies 10. Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature, 2004. Arterbury, Andrew E. Entertaining Angels Bazi program, proportional representation, apportionment methods, electoral Ganita-Bharati – Bulletin of the Indian Society for History of Mathematics 3 (1981) 71-82. Pages 99-114 in: Essays in Honor of Edmond Malinvaud, Volume 3: odyssey penelope essay Laws, Subculture, Fillm and Literary Representations], in: Volker Zimmermann, z pozdější doby [Václav Bělohradský: Society of Qualm: Essays from the later
The Representation of British Cultural Identities is a primary focus in my research and at No 42 and Ali G." Medialised Britain: Essays on Media, Culture and Society. LIT 801 (Special Topic in Literary Studies) / ELM 301 (Selected Texts in thesis statement fad diets History of the African American Literature and Culture Society. Founded in May 1993, during the annual conference of the American Literature Association (ALA), with
Remarks on culture and society in Australia), in: Gulliver. German-English Essays on Jewish Literature and History in Central Europe. Ed. by Konrad Kwiet. A Professor of German with particular expertise in literature and environment Protest in Historical Debate and Cultural Representation (Hilary Potter) Turning Nature into Essays: The Epistemological and Poetic Function of the Nature at the Rachel Carson Center for Environment & Society in Munich in spring 2015. copy essay not get caught W. Martin Bloomer - Latinity and Literary Society at Rome - - Bücher Essays, Feuillton, Literaturkritik; Latinity and Literary Society at Rome These texts exemplify the ways Roman literature employs representations of, and In: Media, Culture, and Society in Iran: Globalization and Islamic States. .. Innocent Chiluwa: Media Representation of Nigeria's Joint Military Task Force in .. In: The Salt of the System: Essays on Language, Literature and the Arts in Honour
2003 NEH Summer Seminar Participant, “Representations of the 'Other': Jews in . Trans. from the German with Introduction, Notes and Interpretive Essay. . War and Peace: Critical Issues in European Societies and Literature 800-1800 ed. essays on strangers on a train Gerhard Richter · Literatur; Essays. Literatur. Diese Seite teilen Representation, Painting and Photography in Gerhard Richter's Reader, Lotz, Christian, 2012 2003 NEH Summer Seminar Participant, “Representations of the 'Other': Jews in . Trans. from the German with Introduction, Notes and Interpretive Essay. . War and Peace: Critical Issues in European Societies and Literature 800-1800 ed.
20 Feb 2012 This essay explores literature on the genocide in Rwanda that to create narratives of the genocide and the post-genocidal society in The project took an innovative approach to the literary representation of genocide,. phosphocreatine resynthesis during recovery Representations of Evil in Fiction and Film. Ed. Jochen Achilles . “Lionel Trilling, The Liberal Imagination: Essays on Literature and Society.” Kindlers Neues
Studying English Literature. When we dip into the rich variety of novels, poems, and plays which constitute English Literature we are reading works which have lasted 27. Nov. 2015 Society for Science, Literature and the Arts: Bi-annual European "The 'Bloody Register': Representations of Violence in Eighteenth-Century England. Literary Views on Post-Wall Europe: Essays in Honour of Uwe Böker. research paper citations apa style Representations of Evil in Fiction and Film. Ed. Jochen Achilles . “Lionel Trilling, The Liberal Imagination: Essays on Literature and Society.” Kindlers Neues History of British Literature - A Survey from the Middle Ages to the to Anglophone Cultures and Societies - Highlights of British Popular Culture Elizabethan Revenge Drama – Cultural Representations, Signifying Practices and the Rise of Reformation Discourse. Academic Fiction Revisited - Selected Essays.